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I have an example of verbs but I wonder if there is any rule or a complete list that instructs when to use σε ή σου .

before the verb

Thank you very much!

by (150 points)

1 Answer

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Γεια σου Ισραέλα

In Greek we have basically 3 groups of transitive verbs:

1. verbs which take a direct object (object in accussative case) 

example: ξέρω εσένα / σε ξέρω

                 διαβάζω αυτό / το διαβάζω

2. verbs which take an indirect object (σε/ προς / για etc +  accussative )

example: μιλάω σε εσένα

In this case we can replace "σε/ προς / για etc +  accussative" by a genitive pronoun

example "σου μιλάω"

3. verbs which take direct and indirect object.

Example: δίνω αυτό σε εσένα / σου το δίνω

There are lists of the most common verbs in each group, but they are really long!
I would recommend you, when you learn a verb in Greek, to study its stracture at the same time. It is the best way to use them efficiently.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Vasiliki Baskou, Instructor/Director, https://learn-greek-online.com.

by (45.0k points)
I think there is actually a big need for this list, Vassiliki. When learning these words, it's difficult to find if they take direct or indirect object. It would be of immense help if you guys could create a list at least for the most used top 100 verbs or something. Thanks