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Does the verb, "hamartía" (with any of its conjugations) mean to live apart from Jesus?

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αμαρτία is a noun.  The verb is αμαρτάνω.  In ancient Greek the meanings were:
αμαρτάνω  = αστοχώ  (I miss the target)
αμαρτία = αστοχία  (miss, failure)

The meaning of the word αμαρτία changed with Christianity:  it is the act of braking the law of god by humans.

Here is a very famous ancient Greek quote :
“Το δις εξαμαρτείν ουκ ανδρός σοφού”

Meaning: Making the same mistake twice is not a behavior of a wise man (ie it is not smart to repeat your mistakes).

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