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Για σου πάλι

I notice that when you reply to me you say Ιάκοβε and not Ιάκοβος. Is this correct when writing AND when addressing directly because I am confused.

I know that when  I am speaking about a male person in Greek - say Κόστας I would address him Κόστα to his face.  So would you call me Ιάκοβο if we met or Ιάκοβε - I am confused because you previously mentioned that to speak to my doctor I should address her as  γιατρέ. So is it just vocative?

What about females - are there any leaving of endings of names there?

Ευχαριστώ πολύ

by (2.5k points)

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In Greek there are several groups of nouns and each one of them follows its own conjugating rules.  
Masculine nouns ending in " -os", in vocative case usually turn " -ος" into "".
Εxample: Nominative o άνθρωπος (= man)    -> Vocative: άνθρωπε
                                   o φίλος (= friend) -> φίλε
                                   ο Ιάκοβος -> Ιάκοβε
Masculine nouns ending in " -ας", in vocative case usually turn " -ας" into "" (or, more simply,in vocative case the final "s" drops off.)

Nominative: o γείτονας (= neighbour) -> Vocative: γείτονα
                    ο Κώστας -> Κώστα

About the feminine nouns:

The ones ending in "" or  "" in Nominative case, usually keep the same endings in Vocative case.

Nominative η γυναίκα (= woman)    -> Vocative: γυναίκα
                   η Μαρία -> Μαρία
                   η φίλη (= female friend) -> φίλη
                   η Ελένη -> Ελένη

The ones ending in "-oς" in Nominative case, in Vocative case turn "-oς" into "". Εxample: Nominative η γιατρός (= the female doctor)    -> Vocative: γιατρέ


by (37.5k points)
Lots of proper names ending in '-ος' just drop the 'ς' in the vocative: βρε Νίκο! Γειά σου Γιωργο! 'Αντε βρε Στέλιο! So this doesn't really get us any further forward.
Thank you for asking, your remark is justified.

In general male nouns ending in -ος, have their singular vocative case ending in -ε.  These are the exceptions to the rule:

1) Two syllable names (Νίκος / Γιώργος /Στέλιος etc).  Their vocative case ends in -ο.
Example: Νίκο, Γιώργο

2) Some multi-syllable first and last names intonated in the second from the end syllable.  These too form singular vocative case ending in -ο.
Example: Κύριε Γιακουμάτο. Κύριε Ευαγγελάτο.

3)  The nouns διευθυντής and καθηγητής keep the ancient vocative case ending in -α:
κύριε διευθυντά, κύριε καθηγητά.