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What is the difference between "θεὸς" and "ὁ θεὸς"?


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"Θεός" means "God", and uses the modern Greek monotonic system.

"ὁ Θεός" means "the God" and uses the old polytonic system.  The "ὁ" is not used any more.  In the monotonic system we would write "ο Θεός".

by (32.9k points)
There are a few places in the Bible where "Θεός" appears while most cases we see it as "ὁ Θεός". May I ask your comment on this.
1) The bible you are reading is in polytonic.
2) I would need the see the exact phrase where  "Θεός" (God) appears, instead of "ὁ Θεός" (the God).
John 1:1
Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος.
New International Version
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Can θεὸς mean "a god" or "godly" not "The God"?
Ο γιατρός μου έδωσε φάρμακο = The doctor gave me medicine.

Ο πατέρας μου είναι γιατρός = My father is a doctor.

γιατρός = doctor

So "Θεός" in this context could mean "a God": καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος